Promoting the use of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices is particularly relevant in Bangladesh as the population is young, growing and subject to a high burden of preventable infectious diseases and malnutrition.
Almost all infants had recent (24 hours) or past history of breastfeeding.
Less than one-third of all newborns were breastfed in the first hour after birth, indicating that a considerable proportion had been given either nothing or prelacteal feed in the immediate post-partum period. The practice of offering non-breastmilk feeds alongside breastmilk appears common throughout infancy.
There is an increasing trend towards bottle feeding and use of infant formula.
Less than two-thirds of infants aged 6–9 months (appropriate age for commencement of complementary feeds) received appropriate complementary feeds.
Up-skilling traditional birth attendants and training peer counsellors to support new mothers towards improved infant feeding practices.
Legislative action to discourage formula feeding and facilitate breastfeeding in the workplace.
Further research to address gaps in our knowledge of complementary feeding practices.